Questions About Family or Cosmetic Dentistry?
You should brush at least twice a day, once in the morning and once before going to bed. You should floss once a day as well.
1. First, make sure to use a soft bristled brush. Hard bristled brushes can wear down the enamel of your teeth.
2. Place your brush at a 45 degree angle to your gumline. Bristles should contact both the tooth surface and the gumline.
3. Use short back and forth strokes or tiny circular movements to brush your teeth. Each movement should be no bigger than the size of each tooth.
4. Make sure to use gentle strokes while brushing. Gentle strokes are effective in removing plaque, while too much pressure can wear down the enamel of your teeth.
5. Brush all surfaces of each tooth, including the outer, inner, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
6. Finally, don't cut your brushing short! Brush for at least 2 minutes.
Proper toothbrush care is important to your oral health. Because a worn toothbrush is less effective in cleaning, the American Dental Association recommends replacing your family's toothbrushes every 3 to 4 months or sooner if the bristles show wear or family members have been sick.
1. Take 18" of floss and wind it around the middle finger of each hand. You can use these fingers to take up floss as it becomes dirty. Using your thumb and forefinger, pinch the floss leaving 1-2 inches in between for cleaning.
2. Gently move the floss up and down between the spaces of your teeth. Never snap the floss down onto your gums, as it can cause damage.
3. As you move the floss down into the space between two teeth, slide it up and down against the surface of one tooth. Gently clean at the gumline as well. Repeat this for the other tooth.
4. Repeat this process for all of your teeth.
- Gums that bleed while brushing
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Bad breath that doesn't go away
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Loose teeth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
Below are the two most popular teeth whitening options available today.
Professionally Dispensed Take-Home Whitening Kits
These whitening kits are purchased from your doctor for use at home. The strength of the gel used in these kits is lower than that used for in-office bleaching, and thus the gel can be applied for longer periods of time. Usually the trays are worn a couple hours a day or overnight for a few days or weeks depending on the product.
Over the counter whitening
Over the counter teeth whitening kits are store-bought and use a lower concentration gel than both in-office bleaching and take-home kits purchased from your doctor. They typically are less effective than methods that can be performed by your dentist because of the lower concentration gel.
At Hughes Dental Clinic we also offer Laser Whitening.
It is best to consult your dentist to understand which whitening option is best for you. There are potential risks and limitations of tooth whitening.
Improve "cleanability" of teeth and reduce the risk of tooth decay and gum disease that can lead to eventual tooth loss
Maintain proper oral function related to chewing, breathing and speech
Reduce chance of trauma to severely protruded front teeth
Avoid abnormal or excessive wear of teeth
Correct improper jaw relationships and reduce stress on chewing muscles and jaw joints
Contribute to improved appearance and self-esteem
- Types of food you eat
- Particles of food stuck between your teeth
- Periodontal disease
Plaque build up
Regardless of the cause of your bad breath, good oral hygiene and regular checkups to the dentist will help reduce it. Brushing and flossing will eliminate particles of food that stick between your teeth and emit odors. Brushing and flossing will also help prevent or treat periodontal disease (gum disease), caused by plaque buildup on your teeth, which can lead to bad breath.
Limited diet - Patients with natural occlusion can bite with 200 lbs. of force; denture wearers bite with about 50 lbs. of force; those who wear dentures for 15 years can only bite with 6 lbs of force.
Accelerated bone loss changes your appearance and dentures loosen.
Discomfort - the denture base must fit tightly around the gums, and can cause sore spots
Require frequent checking, occasional relining or even replacement
Denture movement during talking may affect speech
Cost of dental adhesives
Eat whatever you want
Prevent rapid bone loss
Does not interfere with speech
No dental adhesives
- Dry mouth can cause decay along the gum line and on the roots of teeth. Root decay progresses quickly and can be difficult to treat.
- Dry mouth causes dentures to become uncomfortable because there is no thin film of saliva to help dentures adhere properly to oral tissues.
- Sticky, dry feeling in mouth or throat
- Limited saliva that seems thick or stringy
- Burning sensation in the mouth
- Trouble chewing, swallowing or speaking
- Altered sense of taste
- Rough, dry tongue
- Cracked lips, sores, or split skin at the corners of the mouth
- Increased plaque (thin film) on teeth, tooth decay and gum disease
- Bad breath
See your dentist, who may recommend saliva substitutes
Brush after every meal
Floss daily to remove plaque and particles between teeth and under the gum line where toothbrushes can't reach
Chew sugarless gum or suck on tart, sugarless hard candies
Use special toothpastes, chewing gum, or alcohol-free mouthwashes
Avoid dry, salty foods
Restrict intake of caffeine, alcohol and carbonated beverages
Drink frequent sips of water